Niger. Former Prime Minister Hama Amadou and two other
leading opposition politicians were arrested in January
accused of planning to assassinate President Ibrahim Baré
Mainassara. They were released on bail but threatened with
Countryaah, demonstrations against the president in April led to
violence that was defeated by security forces. In both
February and May, soldiers revolted against missing wages.
The financially hard-pressed state was in May six months
after paying salaries to the government employees, but
managed to pay the soldiers and thus restore calm.
The 1995 ongoing process of making peace with separatist
guerrillas among the Tuareg and Toubou people was completed
in 1997. The last of 15 rebel movements laid down weapons in
exchange for amnesty and pledged to be included in the army.
In August, the political opposition also quenched its
conflict with the military-dominated government after
promising, among other things. fair access to the state
media and a review of the electoral laws.