Burma. According to
Countryaah, Burma's largest political party The National
Democratic Alliance (National League for Democracy, NLD) was
allowed by the military junta to hold congress with party
leader Aung San Suu Kyi in May. It was the only conciliatory
gesture on the part of the military junta in a year marked
by fierce political confrontation. The tension increased
significantly since the NLD put the ultimatum to the junta
to convene the parliament elected in 1990 by 21 August, when
the NLD won a grand victory but was deprived of the right to
form a government. On three occasions in July and August,
Aung San Suu Kyi was prevented from visiting party friends
abroad. Since the NLD on August 21 announced its intention
to convene a "People's Parliament" itself, the military
junta seized hundreds of members of the party. A fierce
campaign against Aung San Suu Kyi was staged in the
state-controlled media and at mass meetings.
The military junta was pressured by an increasingly poor
economy with increased budget deficits, 100 percent
inflation and almost completely halted growth. Hard currency
restrictions were introduced to prevent the currency reserve
from being emptied. The regulations were criticized by the
International Monetary Fund (IMF), which demanded that the
value of the currency, Kyat, be written down to a realistic
level. The World Bank stopped all lending to Burma since the
junta was unable to pay off its debt of SEK 14 million.
For the first time in 25 years, a resolution was not
passed in September at the UN General Assembly on Myanmar.
The reason was that the EU made no one. This was remarkable
since none of the points of previous years' resolutions had
yet been fulfilled. In October, the United States removed
most of its sanctions against the country and gave it trade
preferences. Since April, Myanmar has gradually introduced
more restrictions on foreign observers' access.
The situation of the Rohingya population in the Rakhine
state was drastically worsened in the latter half of 2016. A
border police station on the border with Malaysia was
attacked in October and 9 policemen were killed. Reportedly
by a Rohingya armed group. Security forces immediately
embarked on a large-scale "cleansing operation" that
isolated the area from the outside world and prevented
journalists and human rights observers from entering. The
security forces blamed indiscriminate killings, rapes, armed
attacks on civilians and the burning of villages. 27,000
Rohingyas fled to Bangladesh.
A total of 220,000 were internally displaced in the
country by the end of 2016. The 120,000 in Rakhine and
100,000 in the northern part of the country.