Libya. The year was marked by discussions about the plans
for a lawsuit against two Libyans suspected to be behind the
explosion of a US passenger plane over the Scottish village
of Lockerbie in 1988, when 270 people were killed. In
August, the United States and Britain proposed that the
trial be held on neutral ground in the Netherlands under
Scottish law. Libyan leader Muammar al-Khadaffi first
announced his acceptance of the proposal, but soon demands
were made, among other things. that the suspects, if
convicted, should not be served their sentences in British
prison but in Dutch or Libyan.
In December, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan traveled to
Libya to try to resolve the conflict, and later that month,
Libya's parliament approved the US and UK proposals.
However, when the suspects were extradited remained unclear,
and the United States and the United Kingdom warned that
sanctions against the country could be tightened unless they
were both extradited by February 1999.
Countryaah, many judges said al-Khadaffi was worried that prosecutors
would try to use the trial to convict the state of Libya for
the attack. The suspects are two Libyan Arab Airways
employees who, according to the United States and the United
Kingdom, worked as intelligence agents. Since being arrested
in Libya in 1991, they have been in freedom but without a
passport. They are suspended from work but have full pay.
The flight ban imposed on Libya in 1992 after the country
refused to extradite the two suspects was eroded during the
year. In June, the African Unity Organization (Organization
of African Unity) decided to no longer respect the ban, and
in September a number of African heads of state flew to the
country to celebrate the anniversary of al-Khadaffi's
takeover. The Arab League, on the other hand, did nothing to
defy the sanctions, which upset al-Khadaffi.
In September, a trial began in which a number of US
military and politicians in their absence were held
responsible for the attacks against Libya in 1986. The trial
was updated in March 1999.