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Laos

Yearbook 1998

Laos. At a closed session in February, the National Assembly in the capital Vientiane appointed Prime Minister Khamtay Siphandone as new president after Nouhak Phoumsavane. New head of government became former Vice President Sisavath Keobounphanh. The National Assembly, with 98 out of 99 members of the Communist Laotian Revolutionary Party, also approved L's new government under Prime Minister Sisavath Keobounphanh.

More than 20 people, most of them Vietnamese soldiers, including the country's defense chief on official friendship visits, were killed in May when a Lao military plane crashed into storms near Krukslätten.

According to Countryaah, the weather hit in several ways. Drought and flooding in several provinces made rice crops worse than normal, and Prime Minister Sisavath Keobounphanh admitted in September that L. must import rice from China and Vietnam. He also urged state and regional authorities to save - the economy had been hit hard by the economic problems in neighboring Thailand. Ahead of the country's 23rd birthday, President Khamtay Siphandone in August pardoned over 60 prisoners, the KPL news agency announced. According to diplomats, there were no prisoners of opinion or conscience in the group. Earlier in the year, a dozen Christian Laotians had been imprisoned. US to respond.

1998 Laos

In November 2005, construction of a hydroelectric power plant started in Nam Theun.

82-year-old President Khamtay Siphandone resigned in March 2006 from the post of Communist Party leader and was replaced by his Vice President, Choummaly Sayasone.

In June 2007, 9 people were arrested in the United States, accused of being involved in planning a coup in Laos. Among those arrested was General Gen Pao, who in the 1970s with the support of the CIA had fought the communist partisans in Laos.

In late December 2009, the New York Times reported that the military dictatorship in Thailand planned to send 4,000 Laotian Hmong refugees back to Laos. The BBC later confirmed that repatriation was underway. The Thai military had already cut off all access to the refugees: foreign observers, MSF doctors and journalists were barred from access, and during repatriation, the Thai military jammed all mobile phone traffic in the area. During the Vietnam War, the United States used thousands of Laotian Hmong men to fight the communist guerrillas in the country. It has created considerable tensions between the government and the Hmongs since the end of the war. At the same time, conservative circles in the United States opposed allowing larger groups of Hmongs to come to the United States as refugees.

Tourism continued to grow. From 80,000 visitors in 1990 to 1.9 million in 2010. Every 11th part of the labor market is already working in the tourism sector, and the proportion is expected to increase. The growth is largely attributed to the country's beauty and character of more indigenous Asia. This makes it different from neighboring Thailand, where tourism in many areas has deformed the original culture. Like other countries in Southeast Asia, during the first years of the new millennium, Laos' economy was characterized by high economic growth. Growth rate in 2012 was 8.3%.

In 1997, Laos applied for membership in the WTO. The country was admitted in February 2013.

Choummaly Sayasone was re-elected as President of the National Assembly in June 2011. He had been re-elected as Secretary General of the ruling party for 3 months. The same year, the country ceased building the Xayaburi hydropower plant after both neighboring countries and NGOs objected to the plant's environmental impact.

In 2012, Laos initiated the construction of the hydroelectric power plant and the Xayaburi dam in northern Laos. The construction was met by protests from environmental organizations, Vietnam and Cambodia as construction is expected to affect the lives of 60 million people in the region. The power plant will cost 3.8 billion. US $ and owned and built by Thai Ch. Karnchang Public Company. It is equipped with well over 1000MW turbines and is expected to be ready in 2019.

In May 2014, Defense Secretary General Douangchay Phichit was killed along with several other senior officers in a plane crash in Xiengkhouang province in the north of the country.

In August, work was suspended on the Xayaburi dam project for a 6-month period to address objections and protests from neighboring countries, environmental organizations and locals.

In January 2016, the construction of the Don Sahong dam in southern Laos began, a few kilometers from the Cambodia border. The dam will have a capacity of 260MW which is expected to be exported to Thailand and Cambodia. It is expected to be completed in 2019. The project triggered a number of protests, both internally in Laos and from Vietnam and Cambodia, as the project will potentially affect the lives of millions of people.

The 10th party congress in January 2016 decided to appoint Thongloun Sisoulith as new prime minister and Bounnhang Vorachith as new secretary general and president. Both took over their records in April. Vorachith was formerly Vice President and Sisoulith was former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister.

Two political prisoners were released in March after serving 17 years in prison. Together with 28 others, in 1999 they conducted a peaceful demonstration of economic, political and social change in the country. 3 out of 30 received long prison sentences and one of them died in prison.

In 2016, China was the largest foreign investor in Laos. Since 1989, it had invested $ 5.4 billion. US§ in the country. In 2nd and 3rd place were Thailand and Vietnam with 4.5 and 3.1 billion. US $.

 

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