Kyrgyzstan. From the New Year, the death penalty in
Kyrgyzstan was abolished. In March, Kubanjchbek Djumaljev
was appointed new prime minister and in April the government
was heavily reformed. According to
Countryaah, the intention was stated to be to
speed up economic and political reforms. Shortly thereafter,
the World Bank approved several loans intended, among other
things. for land reform.
In May, some 30 activists from the Uyghur people in
Xinjiang Province in western China, bordering Kyrgyzstan,
were arrested in Kyrgyzstan. Uyghur separatists aim to
reestablish an Islamic state in the East Turkestan.
In northeastern Kyrgyzstan, 20 tonnes of sodium cyanide
was dispersed in the Barskoon River during the summer
following a traffic accident. Hundreds of poisoned people
were taken to hospitals and three people were reported to
have died of poisoning.
In July, the Constitutional Court granted President Askar
Akajev the right to stand for a third term in the 2000
presidential election despite the Kyrgyz Constitution's
clause for a maximum of two periods. Akajev has been elected
only once since the law came into force in 1993. The
opposition leader appealed to the court to change his
In October, more than 90% of voters in a referendum said
yes to the privatization of land. The result was a success
for President Akajev in his conflict with Parliament and
means that small farmers become owners of the land they use.
In November, Kyrgyzstan strengthened the military
guarding of the border with Tajikistan, where civil war took
In December, President Askar Akajev deposed the
nine-month-old government, which he blamed for the country's
financial failures. Parliament appointed Jumabek Ibraimov as
new prime minister.