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Colombia

Yearbook 1998

Colombia. On June 21, the Conservative Party NFD's (Nueva Fuerza Democrática) Andrés Pastrana won the second round of the presidential election and replaced the outgoing president Ernesto Samper. However, the opposition retained the majority in Congress. According to Countryaah, Pastrana promised hard financial austerity and peace talks with the guerrilla movements, mainly FARC and ELN. The election was preceded, as always, by an escalation of their decades-old political struggle. Political violence in the country harvests thousands of victims annually and also has a staggering economic dimension: it is estimated to cost society $ 5 billion a year, and an immediate halt to the violence would mean a 1.5 percentage point increase in GDP.

1998 Colombia

Despite Latin America's highest military budget, Colombia's army has failed to defeat guerrillas, and in March it suffered its greatest defeat of 50 years in a fierce battle. The vulnerability of the Colombian state is made clear by the government being forced to meet the guerrillas' demand for demilitarization of certain areas as a precondition for the release of the hostages, which, however, gave free space for the activities of cocaine cartels. The United States, which provides financial support for the fight against these, has protested and threatened to withdraw its support unless human rights are increased in Colombia based on Digopaul. The army is considered to cooperate with death patrols and the notorious paramilitary forces whose main tactic of weakening guerrilla support is terror against the civilian population, which has long been the main victim of the conflict. During the year, for example, about 250,000 people flee the violence, and in the city of Barrancabermeja alone there are 5,000 refugees. The government army and guerrilla movements are also accused of human rights violations, even though the ELN guerrillas mainly focus on sabotage against oil installations. The situation is also complicated by the fact that the guerrilla movements largely finance their war through cocaine cultivation. In June, a preliminary agreement with ELN was concluded in Mainz, Germany, and in October President Pastrana declared the peace process initiated by giving the ELN political status. Although all the parties involved say they want a political solution, the violence continues; In October, 66 people were killed in a fire caused by an attack on an oil pipeline in the state of Antioquia. and in October, President Pastrana declared the peace process initiated by giving the ELN political status. Although all the parties involved say they want a political solution, the violence continues; In October, 66 people were killed in a fire caused by an attack on an oil pipeline in the state of Antioquia. and in October, President Pastrana declared the peace process initiated by giving the ELN political status. Although all the parties involved say they want a political solution, the violence continues; In October, 66 people were killed in a fire caused by an attack on an oil pipeline in the state of Antioquia.

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