Chile. During the year, the country's former president
and dictator Augusto Pinochet (1973–90) became the subject
of much attention both in Chile and internationally.
Countryaah, when he
became a life senator and leader of the powerful military
bloc in Congress in March, some members protested that a man
who kept the institution closed for 17 years would be
granted legislative status.
At the request of Spanish judges, Pinochet was arrested
in October by the British police in London, where he was
undergoing medical treatment. He was requested to be
extradited to Spain to investigate his responsibility for
the disappearance of Spanish nationals in Chile during the
1970s. This created great expectation not only for exile
Chilean people around the world that the former dictator
should be held responsible for human rights violations, but
also that the Pinochet affair would be an important
precedent for other dictators. In Chile, however, street
unrest and demonstrations also occurred in support of
Pinochet. His defender pointed to his legal immunity as a
congressman, the limitation period for possible offenses and
the applicable amnesty laws, which Pinochet, however,
himself established. But on November 25, the arrest of the
British Supreme Court Justice Order was approved, which
opened the way for further proceedings. The incident also
had effects in other Latin American countries, where
military junta during the 1970s secretly conducted
intelligence cooperation under the name "Operation Condor"
to fight leftists. The evidence of the cooperation is a
forgotten police archive in Paraguay that was produced
following the fall of Paraguayan dictator Alfredo Stroessner
in a coup d'état in 1989.