Burundi. After a violent start to the year, when
hutumilis carried out a series of attacks near the capital
Bujumbura, peace talks could begin in June. According to
Countryaah, President Pierre Buyoya anticipated the negotiations by partially restoring
the civilian constitution he repealed when he took power in
a coup in 1996. After formally retiring the presidency, he
appointed a new government dominated by Hutus from the
opposition. Most parties, including radical hut movements,
participated in a conference in Tanzania that ended in a
ceasefire agreement and continued negotiations.
However, the hope for an imminent peace faded when armed
outbreak groups from the major parties rejected the
ceasefire and the government declared that the army would
continue its actions against the rebels. The fighting
continued during the year, albeit to a lesser extent.
A provisional parliament was set up in July with the
parties elected in 1993. Parliament was expanded from 81 to
117 seats to include small parties that had previously been
excluded. However, continued peace talks during the autumn
did not produce any concrete results. The UN Security
Council nevertheless recommended that countries in the
region suspend the sanctions against Burundi introduced
after the 1996 coup.