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Yearbook 1998

Argentina. During the year, the 1999 presidential election came up on the agenda, among other things. because supporters of President Carlos Menem acted for a constitutional change that would allow him to be re-elected a second time. The opposition was compact and some spoke of a "constitutional coup". Also within Menem's own peronist party Partido Justicialista, PJ (Justice Party) protests occurred, mainly from the governor of the province of Buenos Aires, Eduardo Duhalde, who is expected to stand as the party's main candidate. Menem himself declared willing to be re-elected if the constitution allowed and if the people wanted, but in light of the fact that 80% of the voters were against it, in July he withdrew his plans. Duhalde's main competitor is expected to be Fernando de la Rúa from Unión Cívica Radical, UCR (the Radical Party).

1998 Argentina

Another presidential candidate, Graciela Fernández Meijide for Frepaso, represents a growing dissatisfaction with the handling of Argentina's past and a questioning of impunity for the soldiers who waged a "dirty war" against the left during the military dictatorship 1976-82. She is one of the so-called "crazy mothers" whose children disappeared during that time. President Menem's proposal to demolish the navy's notorious technical school ESMA (used as a torture center during the dictatorship) to give way to a national monument was met by protests. Some congressmen, with a broad popular support behind them, have wanted to tear down the amnesty laws of the 1980s, and prosecutors are also trying to circumvent the laws by investigating crimes that are not covered by them. Among other things, one of the junta men, Admiral Emílio Massera, has been charged with kidnapping.

According to Countryaah, both the Meneman hangers' desire to change the Constitution, their domination by the Supreme Court and a long series of mysterious deaths with links to Menem's circle have led to great distrust of the political summit and the legal system in general. Among other things, arms smuggling to Croatia and Ecuador has been revealed, and in the background there are major business interests among Argentinians of Syrian and Lebanese descent, of which the President himself is one.

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